From the Burmese thirty day period of Thadingyut (September/October) it absolutely was predominantly the satisfaction of anticipation that put the individuals into good spirit and manufactured them pleased; the anticipation of higher temperature (after the conclusion with the monsoon season), of obtaining married, of moving the home, of intending to hunt and as for ‘pongyis’ (monks) of travelling. Briefly, the anticipation of all that what the persons didn’t have or what to do is taken into account taboo in the a few month of Buddhist lent.
With the arrival of the ardently awaited ‘Thadingyut la pyei mee htun pwe daw’ (Full moon Gentle Pageant of Thadingyut) that We’ve got celebrated in the commence of Oct all Those people wonderful factors became genuine and now from the month of ‘Tazaungmon’ (Oct/November) the Burmese men and women are happily engaged in carrying out all this and so are experiencing the sunny, ‘great’ and dry weather.
Those residing to a sizable extent on looking or might make good informal earnings with it have a higher cash flow now, people today’s menus are Increased by fresh new and delicious ‘Ame like’ (game) of every kind, from ‘Tha min’ (deer) to ‘Taw wat’ (wild boar) to various species of ‘Taw kyat’ (fowl), lovebirds get married and shift into new residences (as do several Other folks), and pongyis are travelling to visit their people, which most of them didn’t see for at least 3 months. Everyone is sensation and showing pleasure along with the smiles develop brighter because of the working day since the ‘Tazaungdaing mee htun pwe daw’, Tazaungdaing Festival of Lights which to arrange they’ll soon fast paced by themselves with as well as the ‘Pagoda Weaving Contests’ are drawing nearer. Tazaungmon is yet another month of contentment and celebrations on end.
Just some two weeks have handed due to the fact Now we have joyously celebrated the Thadingyut Light weight Competition and in about two months we might be celebrating the subsequent preferred mild Pageant, the ‘Mild Festival of Tazaungdaing’.
But Tazaungmon has more to offer than the light festival and also the pagoda festivals Using the weaving contests. Subsequently, the folks of As well as in Burma do a lot more than celebrating only these two gatherings and weddings; many things are on this thirty day period As well as in the subsequent we will concern ourselves with them in certain element.
Comply with me in the colourful Burma, because 1989 named Myanmar (a reputation that is not undisputed) plus the delighted lives on the Burmese individuals in Tazaungmon. In the subsequent times We’re going to once in a while blend Together with the people today. You’ll be able to see what they are accomplishing. That will allow you to to have a much better being familiar with for What’s going on listed here than you receive from just examining what I am creating.
The 4 weeks in between The 2 light weight festivals, equally of which might be accompanied by festivities and ceremonial offerings, are identified as ‘Kathein’. This can be the time period during which Burmese Buddhists donate ‘Kathein thingan’ (Kathein pongyi robes), slippers, ‘Htis’ (umbrellas), ‘Thabeiks’ (alms bowls), ‘Yets’ (hand admirers), ‘Bagans’ (plates), ‘Qwes’ (cups), sets of ‘Zoon, Khat, Dar’ (cutlets) as well as ‘Pari baw ga’ (home furniture) and cash to pongyis and ‘kyaungs’ (Buddhist monasteries). This they do for the goal of gaining merits for this and their pursuing life they must Reside ahead of ultimately achieving ‘nibbana’, the last word target Buddhists want to achieve. It’s really a point out of neither existence nor non existence. They can (and do) certainly donate this stuff at any time in the calendar year on the ‘Sangha’ (Buddhist order or Buddhist monastic community) but it is thought that the act of ‘dhana’ (giving) throughout Kathein is a lot more meritorious than at other instances.
The ‘pa de tha pin’ is usually a marvel tree on which anything grows that the human being demands and/or wants. You need to try to eat caviar or Parma ham or lobster or smoked salmon or a big, juicy and tender steak or whichever your favourite dish may be? You would like to drink a bottle of glowing champagne or wine or whiskey or beer or every other beverage you could favour? You want to Have got a pleasant Lacoste shirt or a great Giorgio Armani accommodate or maybe a dream like Coco or Christian Dior dress? Or even you wish an expensive timepiece with diamonds? No issue, the tree bears all these things in lieu of regular fruits and they’re there so that you can decide. Appear to consider that! Whatsoever you’d like, you only go to the backyard garden and simply pluck it from the tree. The text ‘want’ and ‘no extra’ you can merely remove out of your vocabulary as you might have anything (in substance conditions) Anytime, in any top quality and in almost any quantity and there would constantly be more than enough of every thing. Is the fact not excellent?
Properly, according to legend this sort of tree genuinely grew at time mankind arrived into being. But greed and envy put an finish to this wonderful time because it created the tree disappear. Dilemma was that men and women were permitted to selecting only up to they definitely needed to fulfill their rapid demand. But they began to decide on in excess of they actually required or could consume at a single time and saved it or took points they really didn’t want Because Many others had taken them they usually wished to keep up While using the Joneses what prompted the tree to vanish. You recognise the parallels on the Christian ‘Paradise’?
Nonetheless, in the course of Kathein you could see this tree once more. It ‘grows’ at quite a few places. Certainly, these trees aren’t actual trees but wood triangular frames with wires strung from one particular facet on the frame to one other. The thing is that guy superior matters above there, the a person with the numerous paper decorations clipped to your wires along with the artful decoration product of paper? Sure, the one which resembles a Christmas tree which has a Christmas star at the best. That could be a pa de tha tree as well as the ‘paper’ decorations are genuine lender notes which are tucked into the frame. Appears to be like great, does it not?
But in contrast to your ‘actual’ pa de tha pin, from these pa de tha trees you do not get anything at all in any way. On the contrary, you put something onto them as these trees represent the spirit of ‘dhana’, of ‘providing’. On, for instance, the various Avenue festivals which are held at the moment it is possible to see these triangular formed picket frames on which individuals place ‘fruits’, that is certainly their donations in dollars or in variety. So, should you happen to pass a pa de tha tree in the course of one of the following days, you should dangle a folded lender note or a little reward on it. It ought to not be a sizable quantity. Any sum or issue that you choose to donate will earn you merits And that i would like you that a real pa de tha tree will likely be growing on your doorstep and that you’ll in no way yet again must say the term ‘want’ or to hear the words ‘no extra’.
The pa de tha ‘trees’ are brought when they are brimming with ‘fruits’ donated by businesses and normal people such as you and me in very long processions of good humoured folks accompanied by ‘Do bats’ (new music troupes) and dancing teams to the respective monastery the donations are focused on. Every monastery is not really permitted to take more than one tree or established of those triangular picket frames. The distribution on the gifts for example robes, slippers, hand enthusiasts, cooking pots, pans, blankets, and so forth. into the users in the Sangha (monks) is finished by way of ‘Blessed draw’ or lottery.
The Tazaungdaing Festival is also referred to as ‘Kattika Feast’ and it is usually referred to within the ‘Jatakas’ (Buddha’s birth stories). When I am composing about Burma I’m typically mentioning, between Other people, Jatakas and come across it at this stage helpful to give you a number of words of explanation. Jatakas are classified as the morally and individually instructing tales of Siddhartha Gautama’s (the later Buddha’s) lives as it can be assumed the Buddha progressed by means of lots of his Enlightenment previous existences in many varieties of living creatures and even as supernatural being. Among the these various existences had been, e.g. that of the prince, a deer, a dog as well as a god. The Jatakas frequently originate from Gautama Buddha himself and In keeping with early Buddhism the attaining of familiarity with all of his former life was A vital A part of his Enlightenment. The Jatakas are one particular Element of the three components comprising ‘Tripitaka’ or ‘Tipitaka’ (Pali for ‘A few Baskets’), that are the fundamental scriptural canon of Buddhism.
There are plenty of stories and legends that contend with the subject of festivals in Tazaungmon. There exists, As an example, just one story In accordance with which Burmese people have to actually thank robbers for becoming specified the opportunity to celebrate in Tazaungmon. What does one say? That is fairly a strange and barely plausible clarification to the festivities With this thirty day period?
Perfectly, maybe. As I frequently say in my stories about Burma, its individuals, their society and Buddhism there are frequently unique tales told about the similar thing or event and it is Regardless of all diligence complicated and generally difficult to discover the truth while in the absence of objective facts and proof. But prior to deciding to make a decision let me inform you this. I’ve two pretty large and large flower pots with younger palms in front of the doorway to my ground floor apartment. This morning when I came away from my door to go to the ‘mane zay’ (early morning marketplace) they have been disappeared. It did not get me lengthy to be familiar with what experienced happened. I went down the street to your corner and, well, what do you’re thinking that did I see? Proper, my palms. There they were being. I gave the two boys who occurred to get there and smiled at me 200 kyat each (1 bun full of custard is a hundred and fifty Kyat, so they can have experienced a pleasant breakfast snack) and they carried the palms back again to my doorway. You know very well what has took place and what which includes to complete Using the story about the thieves as well as the Tazaungdaing Pageant? Most most likely you won’t realize that. So, allow me to inform you the Tale from its starting some hundred several years back.
In keeping with ‘Badin sayas’ (astrologers) each planet represents basic human drives and every signal of Zodiac represents a set of human characteristics. Tazaungmon is Hence the astrologers instructed the kings the thirty day period wherein the constellation and direction of motion of astronomical bodies, notably The celebrities and the moon, bends selected persons’s ideas on mischief Which this is the month in which robbers are particularly Energetic. Bearing in mind the nearby folks’s (what naturally includes the kings) powerful belief while in the affect of unfamiliar forces (superstitiousness) it really is a little speculate that as being the story goes kings ordered that festivals need to be celebrated in Tazaungmon. This purchase was presented during the hope that the merry creating and joy would distract people today’s minds from mischievous feelings and that, subsequently, thieves wouldn’t ply their trade. I do not know no matter whether this ploy has in fact labored out. How would I? Even so, what I do know is this Tale will be the backdrop in opposition to that’s to get noticed the aged tradition that groups of youthful boys and Gentlemen shell out entire evenings for the duration of Tazaungmon to play useful methods on people by, by way of example, stealing flower pots with crops that will frequently be viewed standing in front of homes and piling them at cross streets (does that audio acquainted to you personally?) or stealing clothes (favored are woman apparel that, e.g. are hung outside to dry) and hoisting them at the highest of poles or eliminating sign boards from shops and Placing them on individuals’s doorways. So, during the up coming times you need to be totally awake on the ‘risks’ of the ‘Thako gyi nja'(thief grasp evening) and get very well care of the dresses as you could or else one particular morning discover e.g. your underwear mounted to the highest of the bamboo pole and fluttering during the wind. All this is, of course, finished within the spirit of entertaining. No one feels offended and All people has a good snicker. Really should one thing like that transpire to you remember to consider never to be offended and to begin to see the humorous Portion of it. Not a soul intends to carry out any harm to you personally.
Apropos numerous stories about Tazaungmon and the Tazaungdaing Mild Competition; do the thing is the younger girl with the many jewels above there in the ‘Thabin the’ or ‘Zat a pwe’ (team of actresses and actors carrying out theatre) who is simply throwing bouquets in the royally dressed younger man on this issue that looks like a chariot? That’s the younger maid Ummadandi, the actress playing the job of Ummadandi respectively. Along with the youthful male is participating in king Kutha. Occur, let us go and watch them, You will find there’s play, a ‘Zat pwe’ (standard Burmese theatre) in progress. They are really just actively playing a highly regarded story of which I wish to show you.
Ummadandi was In line with legend an especially stunning younger lady. She was the daughter of the wealthy and noble family. King Kutha experienced heard of her great elegance, entertained the concept of marrying her and despatched a gaggle of soothsayers to possess them Verify the distinct capabilities of her entire body and experience as a way to have them confirmed that she was as stunning as he had listened to and to determine whether she was match to get the queen.
So that you can completely fully grasp what now follows you need to envision that Ummadandi was pretty renowned for her hanging elegance. And, obviously, she realized extremely very well the have an effect on her elegance experienced on Adult males and was not accustomed to any of her wishes not being granted, her wishes not getting fulfilled, respectively. She was a real knockout and far popular by numerous a respectable young man in direction of a number of whom she was by all means favourably disposed. But staying the item of the king’s (!) desire as well as prospect of turning into queen (!), what could probably major that? A aspiration would arrive true if king Kutha would decide in her favour and she or he experienced no doubt that he would accomplish that once the soothsayer would report back again to your king.
So, and now this team of fortune tellers is coming on buy in the king. She considered king Kutha’s fascination in her an awesome honour and, subsequently, introduced herself in the very best light possible. Accordingly, the Adult males sent by the king had been most warmly welcomed and offered food items. And now it arrives. Straight away upon looking at Ummadandi within the flesh the fortune tellers bought right into a condition of enchantment induced by Ummadandi stunning splendor. They started to stutter and created a multitude in their foods. Ummadandi expressed her consternation about this poor conduct and the fortune tellers remaining. Offended about and ashamed of their conduct and in dread with the king’s getting out about their terrible conduct they created the decision to lie towards the king and to inform him that Ummadandi was not acceptable to become a queen. And they did whereupon king Kutha made the decision that she wasn’t worthy of him and, subsequently, did not pop the problem. As an alternative, she was offered to the king’s common who took her as his spouse.
Obviously, Ummadandi was incredibly enraged via the fortune tellers’ foul play and being resented because of the king had incredibly seriously injured her pride and vanity; she was determined to acquire revenge. Knowing that her time would arrive she patiently waited for a very good possibility. She understood that will most likely be on Kattika since the king typically designed a triumph tour through the festively illuminated streets of the town on full moon working day in order to display how near he was towards the people today also to provide them with the feeling that he was with them to celebrate the Tazaungdaing Light weight Festival. Ummadandi’s husband the king’s basic suspected that his wife was as much as some thing and circumspectly instructed her to stay out of king Kutha’s sight mainly because he could well be on obligation on Kattika. He realized that the king at the sight of the beauty of his wife would drop control in excess of his thoughts.
But, needless to say, Ummadandi was certainly not prepared to Enable this wonderful opportunity to acquire revenge slip. The shame, the damage of her dignity and self esteem she had sustained because of both of those the soothsayers’ shameless lies and also the king’s rejection were being so significant that she couldn’t Enable items pass in silence. In spite of everything, not just experienced she been humiliated but her foreseeable future to be a queen was also ruined because the fortune tellers experienced intentionally made king Kutha believe something that was not legitimate by giving a Untrue report.
When her maid knowledgeable her in the arrival from the king’s chariot she took position within the window, opened it in the right second and threw bouquets in the king what prompted him to show his face into her path and to have a look at her. The moment their eyes locked she gave him her most seductive smile and withdrew into her place. As was to generally be predicted, king Kutha was thunderstruck on the sight of by far the most wonderful woman he had ever seen and a look of agitation flashed more than the king’s encounter the moment he realised how totally foolish it had been of him to provide this most wonderful and attractive lady to his standard without having calling into issue what his fortune tellers had told him about her. She was there for him to get and he had refused her. It strike him with this type of power that he was unable to carry on his parade and thus he promptly returned to his palace. Upon arrival he simultaneously retired to his non public chambers in which he lied down and mourned in agony.
The story would not explain to what happened to the soothsayers after the king experienced develop into aware about the terrible trick that they had performed on him and recovered from his discomfort. As an alternative, the story carries on with the overall’s present of his spouse to his king whereupon king Kutha was deeply ashamed of himself. The end with the story is that the king immediately after being cured of his infatuation went on along with his truthful and just reign.
The Tale of Ummadandi and king Kutha is a favourite Along with the Zat troupes for the duration of Kathein and especially tomorrow on the full moon working day whenever we rejoice the Light Competition of Tazaungdaing. I hope you might have liked this zat pwe (I definitely did and accomplish that repeatedly) and that you’ll accompany me tonight for the magnificent Shwedagon Pagoda in which the once a year ‘Pagoda Weaving Competition’ is occurring.The weaving contest will previous until tomorrow morning. I am able to assure you that you are lacking out on anything genuinely outstanding and extremely attention grabbing if you decide on never to come with me.
So, in this article we’re within the previously crowded terrace of The nice Shwedagon Pagoda and I congratulate you on your own choice to accompany me. I promise you that you’re going to not regret this. We will afterwards view the young weaver in motion and also relish the nationwide in this night time eaten specialty ‘Mezali bud salad’ that since the folks consider has supplied it is prepared underneath the magic mild of the full moon and eaten at the proper time the magic residence to mend all ailments.
Mezali (cassia siamea) may be the typical local name for the tree with thick foliage and its blossoms. It is just a medium sized tree that gives edible leaves and flower buds. The buds are of greenish brown colour, the blossoms are bright yellow.
Although we’ve been strolling about I gives you some even further information regarding this function. Today as I’m telling you regarding the pagoda weaving festival, a similar Competitors is about to begin at pagodas all over the nation, a number of the most renowned of which are, of course, this Shwedagon Pagoda in this article in Yangon, the Ananda Temple in Bagan, Establish By King Kyanzittha in 1091, the Mahamuni Pagoda in Mandalay, Construct by King Bodawpaya in 1784, the Kyauktawgyi Pagoda in Amarapura (Amarapura is one of Burma’s key centres of weaving), Create by King Pagan in 1847, the Kaungmudaw Pagoda in Sagaing (about six miles/10 kilometres exterior Sagaing), crafted by King Thalun in 1636 and also the very well known and exclusive Kyaiktiyo Pagoda, build while in the 11th century by the legendary King ‘Tissa’, who as legend has it had been the son of a ‘Naga’ (mythical staying half serpent and half human) princess in addition to a ‘Zaw Gyi’ (alchemist, sorcerer).
The Kyaiktiyo pagoda is located within the Mon Point out, about midway amongst Pegu and Thaton (both cities were capitals from the mighty Mon kingdoms), some 6 miles/ten kilometres away from Kyaikto, along with an enormous gold plated boulder acknowledged via the title of ‘Golden Rock’.
On the total moon Working day of Tazaungdaing the Kyaiktiyo pagoda is centre of pilgrimage for Countless Buddhists from all over Burma. In the total moon evening they go to in this article a novel ceremony through which they offer nine thousand candles to Siddhartha Gautama Buddha and say prayers.
In the night previous the Full moon Day of Tazaungdaing unmarried women and youthful women fulfill on the temple and pagoda grounds to offer evidence in their weaving skills. In comparison to the quite boisterous Kathein offerings, which can be accompanied by the many trimmings for instance people dance, ‘Pat Waing’ (double headed drum), ‘Pat Ma Gyi’ (substantial double headed drum) and ‘Hne’ (flute) tunes and processions the robe weaving festivals are somewhat a tranquil Despite the fact that as you will notice, definitely cheerful and entertaining affair loved by younger and aged, women and Males, weavers and onlookers alike. It’s the spotlight of your Kathein choices. Till the morning of the complete moon day the youthful female are sitting down concentrated before their hand looms and so are weaving as rapidly as they can, which as you will notice is incredibly, quite fast.
The Burma crafts of cotton and silk weaving have an extended tradition As well as in the rural areas it is now as at any time extremely valued if a young woman is good at weaving. To participate inside of a pagoda robe weaving contest is a great honour for your Women of all ages and what, naturally, goes without the need of indicating to win The competition even more so. But profitable or not it earns A lot merit and provides glory on the artwork and craft of weaving. In occasions past there have been contests in between neighbouring villages.
Recognizing that for your overwhelming majority of individuals the word ‘weaving’ is very a common still rather empty expression I’m using the liberty of providing you with several text of clarification so that you can duly value the incredible competencies and achievements on the weavers.
Weaving readily available looms is plain weaving. The material manufactured with a loom is made by interlacing two sets of yarn or threads at suitable angles. The vertical (longitudinal) thread is known as the ‘warp’ Whilst the horizontal (transverse) thread is named ‘weft’ (in American English ‘filling’).
The essential strategy of weaving includes threading the weft alternatively over and beneath the warp from just one outer warp to the other outer warp (still left to correct and back again) in a cyclic approach and the entire process of loom weaving includes 4 successive primary techniques; the installation from the warp thread, the ‘shedding’, the ‘buying’ and the ‘beating up’. To organize the loom for operation the warp threads forming a floor of carefully spaced, parallel threads are held taut. Then at the beginning on the cyclic weaving follows the ‘shedding’. This raises a number of the warp threads in an effort to enable the correct placement with the weft. In simple weaving, every other warp thread is lifted plus the weft thread is threaded underneath and higher than the warp threads. The spaces in between the decreased and elevated warps are called ‘sheds’. Then follows the ‘selecting’, which is the procedure wherein the weaver is pulling the weft through the sheds by the use of a ‘shuttle’ that is certainly of ship like condition with pointed ends and contains a spool of weft threads. The subsequent stage is the ‘beating up’ in the whole process of which the new weft is compelled from the previous just one so as to obtain a compact cloth. The beating up is completed with the help of a comb like put into practice termed ‘reed’ with carefully spaced wire enamel. At the top the raised warp threads are dropped by decreasing the ‘heddle’ and The brand new set of warps is raised for the new cycle what locks the weft firmly into location.
From the aforementioned method the younger Women of all ages weave towards each other in a fair and as a result of overarching prevalent target of weaving robes which will be supplied to Buddha pictures extra uniting than because of individual passions dividing contest. There isn’t any enmity among the contestants and when the shuttles are laid away from hand they may Fortunately rejoice with each other. But now they may start to weave and do this constantly all with the night until tomorrow morning. The velocity with which They’re weaving is really incredible. Fingers, shuttles and reeds are traveling in the never ever ending cycle. The sole a portion of the millimetre skinny threads are beneath their skilful palms transformed into a compact fabric. Millimetres of this fabric increase into centimetres, centimetres into metres and, ultimately, the yellow and purple robes are Prepared.
At dawn the contest is around and the in the course of the night produced robes are in a ceremonial process supplied on the Buddha illustrations or photos of your respective pagoda which has been the scene of the weaving contest together with for the pongyis (monks) within the kyaungs (Buddhist monasteries). Once the robe weaving contest and the robe offering ceremony the weaver acquire their very well gained relaxation as a way to be afterwards healthy to carry on the day With all the celebration of your Tazaungdaing Gentle Festival. Particularly actively would be the Tazaungdaing Mild Festival celebrated during the Shan Condition, especially in its administrative funds Taunggyi, were being during Tazaungdaing the ‘Lu Ping Festival’ that may be originated Along with the Pa O people today (a Shan tribe) is held.
This Pageant comprises two pieces, which can be daytime and evening time ‘hot air balloon contests’. The balloons in which to build their creators place a lot of time, patience, like and funds are actually huge (some metres superior, large As well as in diameter) and they are for your daytime Level of competition generally made in The form of spiritual structures like pagodas or animals both of those actual and legendary for instance Hintha birds, dragons, horses and elephants. These scorching air balloons are really amazing, to be sure, but a lot more beautiful are These with hundreds of candles brightly illuminated balloons of your night time contests, which are mainly created in The form of globes. How happy the homeowners and creators of these balloons are is a thing that you are able to see when looking into their faces; and happy they are often in their learn parts. I inform you Actually, I wouldn’t wish to be a member of your Fee selecting on winners and runners up. I believe they do all need to be offered the initial price.
Coupled with the groups of actresses and actors that carry out the folksy type of theatre, the ‘Anyein Pwe’ that is concerned with episodes from the everyday life, or ‘Pya Zat’, a sort of theatre by which pieces of your fantasy environment are carried out (here a heroic prince will have to get over demons’ and sorcerers’ evildoings to be able to rescue his princess), the teams of musicians and dancers that existing dance theatre, called ‘Yein Pwe’, the many distributors that provide products and merchandise for instance toys, balloons, snacks and beverages as well as the joyful and gay overall environment the Lu Pin Competition genuinely is definitely an occasion that is very unlikely to generally be at any time overlooked; as are the Light Pageant along with the Pagoda Weaving Competition.
So, that was it for now.. I dearly hope that I have successfully managed to Allow there is a awesome time by entertaining you well and bringing the country of Burma, its men and women as well as their cultures nearer in your heart.
I am looking forward to see you again.